FOR LPF0019: MASAMA (in-part) FPMU

(Version 04)



 lpf0019 masama map 1

Figure 1: Location of Masama (in-part) FPMU

Masama (in-part) Forest Plantation Management Unit (FPMU) is a part of Masama Estate which has been granted under LPF/0019 and T/4212 which is managed by Shin Yang Forestry Sdn. Bhd. (SYF) commencing from 19 November 1999 to 18 November 2059. This FPMU is classified as Permanent Forest Estate (PFE) under the Anap Protected Forest. Masama (in-part) FPMU is covering 11,945ha from the total area of Masama Estate.

 About 70% from the total FPMU area is plantable area, while the balance of 30% is reserved in situ for NCR claims, Terrain IV, Buffer zone, water catchment areas and conservation area as shown in table 1 below:

Table 1: Plantable land within the FPMU area


Size (ha)

Plantable Area



Coupe 1




Coupe 2




Coupe 3




Coupe 4




Coupe 5








Note: The un-plantable areas include the NCR claims, Terrain IV, Buffer zone, water catchment and Conservation area

 Masama (in-part) FPMU site is about 120km South and Southwest of Bintulu town. The approximate grid reference of the Tatau area is between latitudes 2º19.07’N - 2º32.76’N, and longitudes 112º51.35’E - 113º02.03’E.


Shin Yang Forestry Sdn. Bhd. manages tree seedlings in nursery, tree planting activities and tree harvesting activities at Kuala Baram tree plantation, LPF0017 (Kejin FMU), LPF0018 (Penyuan FMU) and LPF0019 (Masama FMU) Site. This Policy of Commitment defines the company’s commitment towards the Malaysia Criteria and Indicators (MC&I v.2) for Forest Plantation Management Certification. This Policy will be a guideline for all levels of our employees and stakeholders in carrying out the company’s business in a conscience manner.

It is our commitment to:

  1. Comply with all applicable laws, regulations and requirements related to forest management.
  2. Operate according to approved Forest Plantation Management Plan and fulfils all conditions in the Environmental Impact Assessment Agreement.
  3. Continual assessment, evaluation and improvement of forest management practices through monitoring and review.
  4. Support local communities through employment opportunities and recognize local customs & Native Customary Right as defined by regional laws.
  5. Enhance the skills, knowledge and competency of employee and local community through relevant trainings.
  6. Provide a safe working environment by adhering to occupational safety and health policy and ensure that all employees are trained in occupational safety and health.
  7. Ensure environmental degradation and pollution prevented or controlled through an effective control measures.
  8. Maintaining existing biological diversity by established the natural conservation and protection area.
  9. Ensure the timber harvesting is sustainable and adhering to low impact harvesting methods.



The management objective of the plantation is to enable a continuous supply of timber for downstream processing activities (plywood, veneer and particle board) especially for Shin Yang Group of wood processing plants. There is also the global sentiment to source for timber from planted forest instead of from natural forests. Planted forests have the advantage of planned and timed production, uniformity of logs and automation in the processing plants. They will also help to reduce harvesting pressure on the remaining natural forests.

Besides that, forest management also have the following objective:

+ Optimum utilization of forest resources while ensuring ecological function

+ Regulation of harvest on a sustainable yield basis

 + To reduce environmental impact

 + To promote natural forest conservation, restoration and enhancement within FPMU

 + To maintain or enhance the long-term social and economic well-being of workers and local communities



4.1   Geology soil
In the Masama (in-part) FPMU area, the Kapit/Merit series is the main soil type. The soil series for the forest plantation is shown in table 2. The Skeletal soils represented mainly by the Kapit series and Kapit/Merit series dominate most of the forest plantation site. The Kapit and Kapit/Merit soils are common in hilly areas in the forest plantation area. The Merit/Bekenu/Kapit soils are found on the North-western part of Masama area meanwhile, the Merit/Bekenu soils are found in the south-western part of Masama area.


Table 2: Soil series for the forest plantation

Soil Series


Capability Class


























4.2  Growing timber stock
The forest in license area is a hill mixed Dipterocarp forest that has been disturbed by logging and agricultural activities. Due to such activities, there are only limited large diameter trees which is  too small for harvested or has no economic value, therefore the company decided to plant medium-sized fast-growing trees with mix of tree species both exotic and indigenous species with an average cropping cycle of 7-10 years or more for specific species.

4.3  Non-timber growing stock
Non-timber product such as rattan, bamboo, palm and wild vegetable and fruits are still available at Masama (in-part) FPMU. These non-timber products are mainly used by local community.

4.4  Protected timber stock
The field survey was found Ensurai (Dipterocarpus oblongifolius) species which is Totally Protected Plant under WLPO 1998 which is uses as soil protection in river or stream and important food sources for fauna. Other than that, Keruing baran (Dipterocarpus eurynchus) and Luis (Hopea pachycarpa) also found in FPMU area which is not protected under WLPO but categorized as Critical Endangered and Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. They are listed as ERT because of the loss of its habitats and population threaten.

The FPMU site is undulating to hilly with slope of 8° to more than 30°. This terrain factor causes difficulty to eccess some area during the wet season (November until February) and the steep terrain has high potential to erosion during heavy rain.

From the data, November until February is the wettest month while the drier month is from May to July. The mean annual rainfall at FPMU area is about 3931mm. Average rainy days are about 18days per month and this limitation affects our operation.

The FPMU site was under logged over forests of the former hill Mixed Dipterocarp Forest and it is part of Anap Forest Reserve and under the forest timber license T/4212. The site is well traversed by a network of logging roads.

Evidence of previous shifting cultivation was found in Coupe 1 and Coupe 2 area, where at least 1,126ha of the land area are expected to be under NCR claim.


A total of 6 longhouses are located within and adjacent to Masama (in-part) FPMU. The main communities living here are the Iban and Beketan. As mixed marriages exist, others ethnic also present such as Kayan, Kenyah, and etc. Their main religions are pagan and Christian with only one family is Muslim. Table 3 show the summary of the 6 longhouses that are directly affected by the development of the Masama plantation.


Table 3: List of longhouses within and adjacent to FPMU




Tuai Rumah (TR)

No. of Door



Rh. Enteri

Sg. Anap

Enteri ak Anju




Rh. Sempurai

Sg. Anap

Sempurai ak Akin




Rh. Mancha

Sg. Anap

John yak Mancha




Rh. Anai

Sg. Anap





Rh. Wan

Sg. Anap

Relly Wan ak Brujong




Rh. Nyaton

Sg. Anap

Nyaton ak Menit




Development of the project is requiring the construction of roads to lead the project area. The network of road within the project area is facilitates accessibility as well as communication in the rural areas.

Development of public amenities is anticipated with the development of better infrastructures. School and health facilities are more accessible and public transport is available. In addition, the standard of living among the rural people can improve from the development of the project.

We also create a market outlet for the local people to sell their farm produce. The rural folks could sell their farm produce to the plantation or estate people and fetch additional income.

Locals community will be given priority to work for the plantation if they are willing to work based on their qualification and expertise. The income earned from working in the project area will further supplement the family income.

Other than that, we also provide/lend the machinery to the local community to align the area to build longhouses or place to build padi huts and clean the area for farming.


lpf0019 masama map 2

  Figure 2: Location of Local Communities within Masama (in-part) FPMU




8.  Plantation establishment

8.1  Choice of species
The FPMU area will be established with a combination of trees species both exotic and indigenous species. The predominant species established are Paraserianthes falcataria and Acacia mangium. Minor species include Neolamarckia cadamba, Acacia auriculiformis, Duabanga molucana, Eucalyptus spp. and Azadirachta excelsa. The latter will be established in a small scale of trial basis and will be closely monitored by the Company. If proven successful to meet the Companys needs in short rotation its establishment will be undertaken on a larger scale.

8.2  Nursery practise
Nursery practice has been standardized after repeated research, and to be followed to the various species. The annual production targets is set based on the planting target plus allowance for nursery mortality, culling rejects, and mortality during transit and after planting in the field.

8.3  Site Preparation
The company is using both manual and mechanical site preparation. Other than that, slash and burn method with prior permission from NREB will be applied to control the weed. Burning also enhances initial growth rates through the release of nutrients.



8.1  Thinning
Some areas will also undergo liberation thinning to provide more growing space for better trees to grow at their maximum rate, yielding the next harvest in as short a time as possible.

8.2 Pest and disease control
The control of pest and disease is applied for both Nursery and Planting site with minimum chemical use.

8.3   Weeds control
Weeds, climbers and low shrubs which are part of the indigenous ground covers will be slashed back when necessary.



9.1   Harvesting operation prescription

9.1.1   Cutting rules
Streambank Buffer Reserves (SBR) - Permanent waterways with continuous flow of water throughout the year will be protected by a buffer zone and no activities will be permitted in this area. Reduce impact logging procedure - The management of forest plantation takes cognizance of the “Reduce Impact Logging, Guidelines/Procedures for Ground Based Harvesting System Using Tractor" applicable to its second cycle harvest operation.

9.1.2  Cutting limit
The downstream processing mill for plywood and veneer are used the latest technology which is enables to peel up to very small logs. Therefore, the company is proposed cutting limit ≥10cm at diameter breast high (DBH).

9.1.3  Harvesting system
A clear cut system will be applied for trees planting species and protection zone such as Terrain Class IV and buffer zone is strictly prohibited from any harvesting activities. The harvesting operation shall comply with the Third Schedule, Part (b): Harvesting Plan of standing Timber, of the license LPF 0019. Harvesting system used is Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) for ground based harvesting system using tractors and Cable Yard system to minimize impact to the soil and water value.

9.2   Period of harvesting
Based on the present research data available from PSPs and proposed diameter cutting limit (minimum 10cm DBH), the growth rates and rotation length for harvesting will be commence at 10 years after planting.

9.3  Yield regulation
The regulation of cut is based on area control, a combination of area and the cutting cycle in accordance with the approved General Harvesting Plan (GP) of the licensed area. Economic analysis of target diameter and volume harvested is based on PSPs and site productivity.

9.3.1  Annual allowable cut (AAC)
The allowable cut is based on based on area control, in accordance with the approved General Harvesting Plan (GP) of the licensed area. Therefore, the Annual Cutting Area (ACA) is 1,684.2ha/year.


The company has set up an R&D department to cater to needs such as monitoring the growth of planted trees. Proper yield permanent sample plots (PSPs) have been set up to monitor performance of trees, growth rate of the planted forest and yield of all forest products harvested so that useful data could be procured for estimates of stocking size, quality and stand volume of the plantation. The result of the PSPs assessment show the growth rate of Paraserianthes falcataria is approximately 2-3cm/year in DBH and 1-3m/year in height.



11.1   Environmental Impact Assessment Report
The Environmental Impact Asseseemt report for the proposed Selangau-Tatau forest Plantation "Environmental Impact Assessment for the Re-Entry Hill Logging within the Anap Muput FPMU under Timber Licence T/4317 & LPF/0039, Bintulu and Sibu Divisions, Sarawak" was approved by Natural Resources and Environment Board (NREB) Sarawak [(2D) NREB/6-3/2G/18 dated 26th November 2008].

11.2   Environmental Monitoring Report (EMR)
The environmental monitoring and review is done by Ecosol Consultancy Sdn. Bhd. quarterly. The monitoring is including water course quality monitoring. The report is submitted to the Natural Resources and Environment Board (NREB) quarterly.

11.3  NREB verification and inspection visits of the FPMU.
The NREB always carry out routine environmental inspection on the compliance to the Terms and Conditions of the EIA Report Approval document for the project area.



The guidelines used for identification and protection of endangered, rare and threatened species of forest flora and fauna, including features of special biological interest are:


  • Wildlife Protection Ordinance 1998
  • Sarawak Plant Red List
  • A Master Plan for Wildlife in Sarawak 1996
  • HCVF Toolkit for Malaysia
  • The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species at

A sign board had been prepared at the main entrances of sensitive site. The entry to FPMU area shall be limited to the unauthorized person.
A schedule for monthly patrols for the year has been developed to control hunting, fishing and collecting activities in forest plantation areas.

DF Circular No. 6/99 stipulated that:


  • Employees of the Timber Companies are not to hunt in the licensed areas while they are in the employ of the company.
  • Company vehicles are not to be used for hunting or for carrying meat of wild animals.
  • Selling of wild animals or meat of wild animals is not allowed in the licensed area.
  • Feeder roads are to be closed after the final block inspection to prevent further entry of vehicles.


Identification of the protection areas in FPMU area is carried out based on guidelines High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) Toolkit for Malaysia. Masama (in-part) FPMU HCVs assessment was carried out by Sarawak Forestry Corporation on 21st – 27th May 2015. Sub-teams assessed biodiversity, ecosystem service value, social and cultural values and found that all six major values listed in the HCVF Malaysia Toolkit (2009) are present.

The Masama (in-part) FPMU is adjacent to Bukit Mersing National Park at the east border (HCV1.1). A significant number of HCV biodiversity species are present in the study area and surrounding. There were also signs of critically endangered (CR), endangered (EN), vulnerable (VU) and nearly threatened (NT) flora and fauna (HCV 1.2) observed during the assessment. There are 2 endemic fauna species and 43 flora species found in the study sites (HCV 1.3). Areas for critical temporal use were also identified to be present (HCV 1.4).

The area is an important linkage between larger forest complexes as it surrounded by Licence Planted Forest, National Parks and Forest Management Unit (HCV 2). Lowland Dipterocarp forest cover the whole area and this type of forest becoming rare and endangered as a result of the deforestation and degradation of it ecosystem (HCV 3). The landscape of Masama Plantation is undulating and steep areas with more than 35° slope recorded (HCV 4.1). To ensure that his value is maintained or enhanced, a river buffer prohibiting logging operation is required, and the size of the buffer depends on the size of the river or stream (HCV 4.2). The area at Masama Plantation is potentially a fire prone area as young tree species is very vulnerable to fire and degraded forest at Coupe 8 – 10 are highly susceptible to fire (HCV 4.2). A certified management forest is adjacent to this area (HCV 4.3)

Result of the assessment for social and cultural values suggested that the majority of communities still depend on the forest to some degree. A total of six (6) longhouses are located within and adjacent to Masama Plantation. The communities from the six longhouses, namely Rh. Enteri, Rh. Sempurai, Rh. Mancha, Rh. Anai, Rh. Wan and Rh. Nyatun are depending on the forest available in the area for meeting their basic needs and the forest is critical to theier cultural identity as two burial sites and Bukit Semayang are present (HCV 5 & 6)

Management and monitoring of the six HCVs is carried out are as follows:



  • Buffer zone of 500 meter wide should be established along the boundary bordering with TPA and along riverbanks flowing into TPA
  • Maintain the no hunting policy and enforce it consistently and high concentration of ERT species should be left alone.
  • Measures are put in place to ensure the population of endemic fauna and flora continues to exist in FPMU area.
  • Salt lick areas will not to be disturbed and frequently monitored and buffer zones at salt lick area will be established to protect the saltlicks.
  • A biological corridor is established for wildlife to move from one part of the forest to another. This biological corridor is demarcated on the ground and map.
  • Boundaries of shifting agriculture and terrain class IV is mapped and demarcated on the ground. 
  • Forest fire monitoring and prevention plan is establish by adopting the forest fire monitoring and prevention plan from the EIA report.
  • Adopt the Conflict Resolution Guidelines for Sustainable Forest Management to discuss the community-forest issues.
  • Proper discussion on the establishment of reserved boundaries around the proposed Pemakai Menoa, Pulau Galau and Temudas has to be done and a written agreement should be prepared and signed once both parties agree on the issue.
  • Demarcation of agreeable buffer zones of 2 burial sites belongs to Rh. Mancha and Rh. Wan and also Bukit Semayang.



14.1  Liaison committee responsibility

Liaison committee responsibility is as below:

  • Issues over tenure claims and use rights.
  • Conflicts pertaining to the recognition of the legal and customary rights of the local communities.
  • Measures threaten or diminish resources or tenure rights of the local communities.
  • Protected the sites with special cultural, ecological, economic or religious significance to the local people.
  • Long term social and economic well-being of forest workers and local communities.
  • Grievances and provide fair compensation in case of loss or damage affecting the legal customary rights or livelihoods of local people.
  • The use of the forests multiple products and services to ensure economic viability with the environmental and social benefits.



15.1  Collaboration
Some studies will be parts of our research activities in this tree plantation project. Shin Yang Forestry Sdn Bhd with collaboration of Sarawak Forestry Corporation (SFC) and University Putra Malaysia (UPM) under MoU signed in 2012. Further research will be carried out for technical development of tropical tree plantation. The planned studies are as follows:

  • Silviculture scheme and yield
  • To determine the best harvesting time
  • Biological disease control without agrochemicals


Other items in MoU:


  • Permanent Sample Plot management
  • Biological control and protection
  • Study on carbon foot print
  • Research and Development on Nursery, Tree Plantation and Reforestation
  • Nursery practice and planted forest establishment
  • Plant propagation techniques
  • Biological control and protection

15.2   In house
Nursery which located at Kuala Baram, Miri will be the R&D centre of Shin Yang Forestry Sdn Bhd for LPF 0017, LPF 0018 and LPF 0019.


Annual budget is including the expenses of plantation development (Nursery, Land Preparation & Site Planting), infrastructure, conservation, research and development, forest maintenance and social community.

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